Subhas Chandra Bose

  • Born 23 January 1897 at Cuttack, Orissa division, Bengal Presidency, British India (Now Odisha, India)
  • Mother Prabhavati Devi, Father Janakinath Bose
  • 1923 He elected as President of All India Youth Congress and secretary of Bengal State Congress
  • 1924 Elected as Mayor of culcutta
  • 1925 arrested and sent to prison in Madalay, where he affected Tuberculosis(TB)
  • 1927 released from prison, He became the general secretary of congress Party .
  • Late 1928 he conducted the  Annual Meeting of INC at culcutta.
  • Mid of 1930 He travelled  in Europe and met ‘Benito Mussolini’.
  • He wrote the first part of his book “The India Struggle”, published in London 1935
  • “Emilie Schenkl”, Secretly marriage (No ceremony and witness)  on 1937
  • He was the President of INC in 1938
  • In 1939 again he elected as President of INC over Gandhiji’s preferred candidate “Pattabhi Sitarammayya” later he resign from the congress presidency.
  • On 22 June 1939 he organised “All India Forward Bloc”
  • Late night 16 January 1941 he dressed like pathan and  escaped to Germany (via Afghanistan and Soviet Union).
  • At Germany he met ‘Adolf Hitler’. He founded the Free India Center in Berlin and created India Legion. Its members swore the “I swear by God this holy oath that I will obey the leader of the German race and state, Adolf Hitler, as the commander of the German armed forces in the fight for India, whose leader is Subhas Chandra Bose” allegiance to Hitler and Bose.
  • Nethaji” first applied on 1942 by the Indian Soldiers of the Indische Legion and the Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin, later used throughout India.
  • In 1943 he left to Japan with the help of two submarines ( German sub-marine U-180 and Japan’s I-29 )
  • Bose’s most famous quote was “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!” at a rally of Indians in Burma on 4 July 1944.
  • On 6 July 1944 in a speech by the “Azad Hind Radio” from Singapore Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the “Father of the Nation”.
  • Died 18 August 1945 at Taihoku, Japanese Thaiwan (Now Taipai, Thaiwan)

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